Through a procedural vote held before the main vote on the resolution, the Assembly had voted to apply the two-thirds majority requirement for the adoption of the draft.
The Saudi Arabian representative stated that, since 1967, Israel has not respected any General Assembly or Security Council resolutions, whilst Kuwait and Iran's representatives said that the resolution "ignores" and "deflects attention from" the root causes of the conflict.
The Palestinians sought to thwart the USA move by presenting an amendment to the U.S. text to include a reference to United Nations resolutions that condemn Israeli settlements, call for negotiations on East Jerusalem and pledge support for the two-state solution.
It also condemned Hamas for the use of resources "to construct military infrastructure, including tunnels to infiltrate Israel and equipment to launch rockets into civilian areas, when such resources could be used to address the critical needs of the civilian population".
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's released a statement following the vote praising the countries that did vote to condemn Hamas despite the resolution's failure. "More importantly, it would put the General Assembly on the side of truth and balance in the effort to achieve peace in the Middle East".
Noting Hamas' control of Gaza since 2007, she said that Hamas had turned it into a police state with arbitrary arrests and torture of political prisoners.
"That, more than anything else, is a condemnation of the United Nations itself", she said.More news: What We Know About Meghan's Secret Meeting With Michelle Obama
Haley broke away from her prepared remarks and made an impassioned plea to the Arab states to reach for a breakthrough in a conflict that has stretched seven decades since the founding of Israel.
"I want to take a personal moment and ask my Arab brothers and sisters: is the hatred that strong?" she asked from the Assembly rostrum before the vote.
Bahr then congratulated Palestinians and Hamas resistance movement for the great victory on the global level, calling on people from all strata of the Palestinian society to unite, end division and vigorously support resistance movements. Isn't it time to let that go?
But the calls by Haley and Danon were not enough to get the resolution through.
The vote was a personal defeat for Haley in what is likely to be one of her final major actions as the USA envoy. "Israel has no respect for this organization of which it is a member".
Danon said there has been a great deal of cooperation with the United States in capitals around the world to mobilize support for the measure. With the support of these countries, we will continue our work in the United Nations against Hamas terrorism. It also reaffirmed "unwavering support" for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict - issues not included in the USA draft.
Outgoing US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley had written to member states on Monday to urge them to vote for the US-drafted text, warning them: "The United States takes the outcome of this vote very seriously".
President Trump confirmed Friday he will nominate State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert to succeed Haley.