'Halt sale of antibiotics by unqualified persons' - Health Minister directs 3 bodies


The World Health Organization warned Monday that antibiotics consumption is dangerously high in some countries while a shortage in others is spurring risky misuse, driving the emergence of deadly superbug infections.

Reliable data on antibiotic consumption is essential to help countries to raise awareness of appropriate antimicrobial use, to inform policy and regulatory changes to optimize use, to identify areas for improvement and monitor the impact of interventions, and to improve the procurement and supply of medicines. Improving the way healthcare professionals prescribe antibiotics, and the way patients use antibiotics, will help keep Hoosiers healthy, prevent fight antibiotic resistance, and ensure that these life saving medications will be available for future generations.

"... The "WHO Report on Surveillance of Antibiotic Consumption" looked at antibiotic use in 65 countries and found the Netherlands used 9.78 defined daily doses (DDD) per 1,000 people, while Britain used twice as much, and Turkey nearly twice as much again, at 38.18 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants..."

The WHO has warned many times that the world was going to lack of effective antibiotics and in the a year ago, the specialized agency of the United Nations has asked the States and the major pharmaceutical groups to create a new generation of drugs capable of combating "superbugs" ultra-resistant.

The main message of the awareness week this year is "handle antibiotics with care", focusing on action plans to prevent infections in livestock, aquaculture and crop production while promoting good farming and food safety. This means that when microbes develop drug resistance in animals, they can easily go on to affect humans, making it hard to treat diseases and infections.

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"In addition, they should only prescribe and dispense antibiotics when they are truly needed, inform patients on how to use them appropriately, and educate patients on how to avoid common infections". But little is known about antibiotic use in low-income countries.

More than three quarters (76%) of those surveyed say they are aware that antibiotic-resistant infections make medical procedures like surgery, organ transplants and cancer treatment much more risky.

Japan's overall consumption of antibiotics, at 14.19 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants, was about half that of South Korea, but 1.1 percent of Japanese consumption was in the "reserve" category, far more than 0.2 percent in South Korea, the report showed. In 2018 alone, the Pork Checkoff funded almost $400,000 across multiple research areas to evaluate antibiotic alternatives and other methods to minimise on-farm antibiotic use. "Seek Advice" and "Misuse of Antibiotics puts us all at Risk".

Remember that antibiotics won't make you feel better if you have a virus.

"We can slow down antibiotic resistance in Australia by only using antibiotics when they are really needed". Many governments are phasing out the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in livestock, and now only use antimicrobials in healthy animals in very exceptional circumstances.