Midterm lessons: five key takeaways from the election results

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The world was watching the midterm elections in the US on Tuesday, and when the results finally came in, the Democratic Party had seized majority of the House of Representatives but the Republicans held on to power in the senate.

Germany's foreign minister says the outcome of the USA midterm elections means foreign policy will depend more on whether Republicans and Democrats can work together, but doesn't alter the changes in trans-Atlantic relations under President Donald Trump.

But they lost their majority in the House, a setback for Trump after a campaign that became a referendum on his leadership.

While the nation-wide results were incomplete on Wednesday morning, the Democrats had sealed their control of the House - the lower chamber of the Congress - winning 219 seats of the 535 - and projected to gain at least 29 seats - while Republicans retained the Senate with at least 51 seats of the 100 with a gain of at least two.

Seizing the Senate had never looked a likely prospect for the Democrats, and in the event they fell short of a tidal wave of voter support that would have given them control of both chambers of Congress.

Two others sometimes tagged as potential party leaders are Hakeem Jeffries, 48, a New Yorker who is also a member of the Congressional Black Caucus, and Cheri Bustos, 57, from a northwestern IL district that President Donald Trump won in 2016.

While Democrats made gains in some of the states that were part of the much vaunted "blue wall" in 2016, Trump is still in strong position in the swing states that gave him his electoral college victory.

Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren, one of the Democrats who is considering the 2020 race, said that the two years since Trump ascended to the White House had ushered a new generation of women into public life.

Despite the Republican loss of the House, Trump wrote on Twitter, "Tremendous success tonight".

But, at least for as long as it took to type a tweet, the president struck a different tone on Wednesday, writing: "Now we can all get back to work and get things done!"

Counselor to the president Kellyanne Conway pushed back when asked about the looming probes on CNN and the appetite for getting Trump's tax returns.

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Cummings has hounded the Trump administration on issues ranging from cabinet scandals for jet use to Trump's ownership of a luxury D.C. hotel, but with little ability to force disclosure without cooperation from Republicans. He threw himself into the campaign, issuing warnings about a caravan of Latin American migrants headed to the border with Mexico and condemnations of liberal American "mobs" he says oppose him. On legislative prospects, Trump said he could potentially work with Democrats on issues such as taxes, infrastructure and health care, saying it "really could be a lovely, bipartisan type of situation".

Although we will not know for another few days the full scale of voters, predictions from pollsters are telling us that the number of voters have surged in comparison to the last midterm elections in 2014.

How intently Democrats focus on Russian Federation depends in large part on how Mueller's probe - with which they have committed not to interfere - advances between now and January.

Although few politicians said so openly, Europe hoped United States voters would deliver a clear rebuke to Republicans in the midterms, forcing a change.

With a presidential race just around the corner, there's a risk Congress will retrench and continue to pivot around Trump.

House Democrats will have subpoena power and will be able to investigate every facet of Trump's presidency and business career. Pelosi said Democrats will strive for bipartisanship but when they can't find "common ground" they would "stand our ground".

Those who fell in the House included House Rules Committee Chairman Pete Sessions, whose Dallas district rejected he and Trump and voted Democratic. But last month, US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross accused the European Union of holding up progress on trade and said Trump's patience was "not unlimited".

He says his 42-year-old niece plans to wear traditional Palestinian dress and have a Quran during her swearing-in ceremony. With more than two dozen races still undetermined, the Democrats held a clear, if narrow, majority.

They bumped off three of the Democratic senators who won in Republican territory in 2012: Heidi Heitkamp in North Dakota, Claire McCaskill in Missouri, and Joe Donnelly in Indiana.

What difference will the new Congress make?

Trump allies dealt major blows to three of the Democrats' breakout stars of the 2018 cycle.

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