"The information provided by the Israeli military... runs counter to conclusions of the Russian defense ministry", the Kremlin said of the content of Putin's remarks in the call, adding that the actions of the Israeli pilots had led to the plane being targeted by Syrian air defense systems.
On Monday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told Russian President Vladimir Putin that supplying advanced weapon systems to "irresponsible players" would increase dangers in the region, Netanyahu's office said.
On Sunday, Russia reiterated its stance that Israeli jets had used its reconnaissance plane as cover while carrying out strikes in Syria.
The Israeli prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, warned Russian Federation that the transfer would increase danger in the region while John Bolton, the USA national security adviser, said that any delivery would lead to a "significant escalation" in tensions. For its part, Israel is wary of Iran's growing influence in Syria.
Moscow accused Israel of creating unsafe conditions that caused the incident. All fifteen Russian members aboard the plane were killed.
He reiterated that Israel won't be deterred from continuing to "defend its security and its interests" and will keep attacking Iranian-affiliated targets in Syria.
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Putin and Syrian President Bashar al-Assad discussed the additional measures and delivery of the S-300 system on the phone on Monday, the Kremlin said. On top of that, the Russian military will start using electronic countermeasures to jam any aircraft that would try to launch attacks off Syria's coast.
The Russian military has said that Israel's airforce informed its command in Syria via the established de-confliction hotline, but only one minute before the air strikes - and gave the wrong target location.
Shoigu said the supply of S-300s to Syria will "calm down some hotheads" whose actions "pose a threat to our troops".
In its effort to defend the Assad regime, Russian Federation is trying to deter Israel and get Jerusalem to scale back its military campaign against Iran's activities in Syria.
Global and regional powers backing various sides in Syria's civil war have been carrying out strikes for years, often using special hotlines to prevent aerial confrontations. "The party responsible for the attacks in Syria and Lebanon and really the party responsible for the shooting down of the Russian plane is Iran", he said.
Peskov said the new measures were decided on to boost the security of its troops in Syria.
The Israeli military has prepared for such an eventuality for years, Israeli analysts said, and could likely work around it, destroying the systems if necessary.