4 groundbreaking announcements from the global climate Action Summit

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The climate issue, though a very big problem, "can become salvation if we open our hearts and minds to both the threat and all the different initiatives and solutions we have to embrace", the governor said at the opening ceremony of the China Pavilion ahead of the 2018 Global Climate Action Summit scheduled for Thursday here.

"We are trying to recreate the kind of impulse, the kind of energy the kind of enthusiasm that gave governments the confidence to take the Paris Agreement over the line but this time in the context of what we have to do by 2020", said Nick Nuttall, director communications, Global Climate Action Summit.

He says climate change can't be solved by any one person, any scientific community or any business.

"America's a wonderful country".

"The top-five economy in the world, and also so many states, they continue to follow the Paris agreement", Zhou said. "As the greatest custodians of the Paris Agreement, mayors of the world's great cities have once again shown that cities are getting the job done".

At the summit, Brown extracted dozens of new promises from states, cities and businesses to cut their own carbon pollution.

"It nearly is like China and the U.S., they haven't missed a beat in this bilateral partnership on climate change because California has really stepped in to fill the role", Hsu said.

Brown has pushed for an aggressive environmental policy in his state, including signing a bill that calls for generating 100 percent of the state's electricity from carbon-free sources by 2045 and issuing an executive order requiring California to completely eliminate net emissions across the state's economy by the same year.

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The San Francisco summit saw a torrent of new pledges of climate action, from companies promising to bring their greenhouse gas emissions to zero to governors committing to work with indigenous people to protect forests.

In closing remarks, United Nations climate chief Patricia Espinosa also called for a new era of climate diplomacy that includes not just national governments but also cities and regional bodies as well as industries - an approach she dubbed "inclusive multilateralism". Eight cover 100% of their needs with renewable power, and 27 cover 30% or more of their needs with renewable power. "People are stepping up at local levels and so I think that's really important and luckily they're all taking steps to do about it to fill the gaps", she said.

However, "some folks in the USA are not as eager because they don't feel it directly unless they're right next to drought or fire or floods or hurricanes or things like that", the young American scholar expressed her concern.

Meanwhile, a growing body of research suggests that even the Paris commitments to capping rising temperatures are still too high to avoid a climate calamity. For example, the state government encourages automobile companies to make more electric cars to help fight the climate challenge. Brown compared the task ahead to climbing Everest a couple of times during the summit.

'Brown had tough words for Trump, who yanked the U.S. out of the landmark Paris Agreement and is trying to rescind California's right to set its own vehicle emissions standard.

The 2015 Paris agreement commits countries to set their own plans for cutting emissions.

"Everywhere you look there's a challenge", Brown said.

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