STD rates skyrocketing in United States — CDC

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Unfortunately, that's the record the US broke in 2017 based on preliminary figures shared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the National STD Prevention Conference on Tuesday.

"Sadly, it's not a surprising trend", said Rob Stephenson, a professor and director of the Center for Sexuality and Health Disparities at the University of MI in Ann Arbor, who was not involved in the new CDC research.

Diagnoses of primary and secondary syphilis rose 76 percent from 17,375 to 30,644.

"Commitment" usually means "money", and state and local health officials spoke candidly about the country's "eroding public health infrastructure" that they felt contributed to the tremendous increase in STDs.

"We are sliding backward", Jonathan Mermin, the CDC's director for HIV/AIDS, Viral, STD and TB Prevention, said. More than 1.7 million cases were diagnosed in 2017, with 45 percent among 15- to 24-year-old females.

"The vast majority of individuals who have a sexually transmitted infection, they have no idea that they're even carrying", University of Indianapolis director of public health Heidi Hancher-Rauch said.

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Diagnosed cases of gonorrhea increased 67 percent from 333,004 to 555,608 and almost doubled among men, rising from 169,130 to 322,169. However, rates of syphilis and gonorrhea have also seen an increase.

"If we're not teaching people how to keep themselves safe from sexually transmitted infections early, then we start to see these surges and increases in those rates", Rauch said.

The CDC now recommends a two-dose therapy for gonorrhea consisting of an intramuscular dose of ceftriaxone - the only "highly effective" antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea in the USA - and oral azithromycin.

Chlamydia remained the most common STD with more than 1.7 million cases diagnosed, up from around 1.6 million the year before. According to the Texas Health and Human Services STD Surveillance Report, in 2009 Brazos County saw and treated 885 cases of Chlamydia.

When diagnosed, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are curable with antibiotics.

"We expect gonorrhea will eventually wear down our last highly effective antibiotic, and additional treatment options are urgently needed", Bolan said. Gonorrhea is of particular concern to health experts because it is on the verge of becoming untreatable. "We can't let our defenses down - we must continue reinforcing efforts to rapidly detect and prevent resistance as long as possible".

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