There would be no immediate bans on products for which "straight-forward alternatives" were not yet available.
The proposal also focuses on fishing gear, as nets and traps make up 27% of plastic marine litter.
The European Commission estimates that if implemented, the measure would save consumers €6.5 billion and prevent 3.4 million tonnes of carbon emissions as well as €22 billion in other environmental damage by 2030.
The ban - which does not yet have a date for introduction - also includes plastic plates, and drinks stirrers.
A spokesperson for the European Commission told The Brussels Times that nearly 100 items of single-use plastics is not covered by the proposal, such as diapers and medical items.
In the press conference announcing the proposed regulations, Timmermans called out Gove by name and invited others to join in "a race to the top" in #PlasticsStrategy. Following the ban, the city hopes to introduce a number of reduction plans.
Other measures announced by the EC will oblige European Union member states to collect 90 per cent of single-use bottles by 2025, for example through bottle deposit schemes. However, the introduction of a deposit return scheme (DRS) in the United Kingdom, slated for approval by 2020, could lead to an increase in recycling rates; Germany introduced a DRS for beverage containers in 2003 and saw recycling shoot up to its current rate of 98.5 per cent, the highest in the world. Global hotel operator Hilton also pledged last week to eliminate plastic straws from all of its 650 properties by the end of 2018.More news: Australian women put men to shame at French Open
The proposal would compel some "producers to contribute to awareness-raising, clean-up, collection, waste treatment" - this will apply to producers of food containers made with plastics, plastic bottles, cigarettes, plastic bags, crisp packets and fishing gear.
In addition, it is planned to limit the use of plastic packaging for food, which they sell at the takeaway eateries.
Each country will also have to embark on an education campaign in which food producers are required to label products clearly and inform consumers how plastic waste is disposed.
The PlasticsEurope association urged the European Commission to "avoid shortcuts". Today's proposals will reduce single use plastics on our supermarket shelves through a range of measures.
Bans on similar products have had some success.
Bans on plastic items like straws have grown in popularity.