Turkey describes the militias as offshoots of the terrorist-labeled outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
Over the last 48 hours, Afrin city has reportedly been targeted by Turkish air raids, water has been cut off, and the internet severed.
Turkey's leader has scorched North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies over their failure to support his "counter-terrorist" operation in the Kurdish-held Syrian region of Afrin, but expressed gratitude that they at least had no guts to openly oppose Ankara.
"We will not give Afrin to Erdoğan even if we are subjected to airstrikes for months or years", said Fikriye Reşid, and 58-year-old woman who came from Qamishlo to Afrin to be a human shield.More news: Trump praises drug-dealer death penalty at political rally
Several spontaneous protests have taken place across Germany, which is home to a large Turkish immigrant population, in response to advances by Turkish troops on Afrin, with just a couple of hundred meters separating them from the city, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors the conflict through a network of activists on the ground. Erdogan said in remarks to supporters in Bolu, a city east of Istanbul.
Turkey has been waging "Operation Olive Branch" against Syria's Afrin region since January 20 in a bid to eliminate the YPG, which forms the backbone of the so-called Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) that enjoys U.S. support. NATO, Turkey is not a NATO country? The PKK is considered to be a terrorist group not only by Turkey, but also by the USA and the EU. The latter has been fighting for an autonomous region inside Turkey since 1984.
The YPG and allied forces, under the umbrella organization the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), control over 60 percent of the Syrian border with Turkey, which has raised security concerns in Ankara. "Turkey will fight terrorists anywhere they operate", he added.
On Saturday, worldwide activists and Kurdish communities in foreign countries marched and protested against what they called the Turkish aggression against Afrin and European arms trade with Turkey.