The US move to recognise the city as Israel's capital broke with decades of worldwide consensus that the city's status should be settled as part of a two-state peace deal between Israel and the Palestinians.
She said that the U.S. has made it worse as it now seeks to also undermine the refugee issue.
Holding signs reading "Pence you are desecrating our land" and "Pence go home", the protesters at one point burned a large photo of the United States vice president, cheering and waving Palestinian flags as it burned on the ground. Ayman Odeh, leader of the Joint Arab List, said it was the party's democratic right to boycott the speech by the US vice president. Israel, which annexed East Jerusalem after capturing it in 1967 in a move not internationally recognized, regards all of the city as its "eternal and indivisible capital".
In Washington, the Senate ended a three-day standoff between Democrats and President Donald Trump's Republicans over immigration and border security by voting on a deal that would fund the government until February 8.
"They wanted to do something big, something demonstrable in public", said Fawcett, adding that "they provided a very clear message of defiance and opposition towards the USA position on Jerusalem". Asked how important it was to him, Netanyahu said "very".
Palestinian peacemarker Hanan Ashrawi was among those who condemned Pence, saying: 'The American side can not talk about the peace process after it undermined it by declaring Jerusalem as the capital of Israel'. But what we agreed on was the need for all parties to come back to the table. U.S. officials said the description of the peace plan was inaccurate. Kushner is now attempting to revive the peace process between Israel and Palestine.
Abdullah expressed concerns about the regional fallout from the Jerusalem decision. He says the US now has a "major challenge to overcome".
Pence spoke in Israel's Knesset on Monday, after meeting with leaders in Egypt and Jordan over the weekend. Netanyahu is thanking visiting Vice President Pence for standing up for the "truth" and supporting Israel at the United Nations.
Jordan opposes the move if it is taken ahead of any potential Israeli-Palestinian partition deal.More news: Women are avoiding smear tests because they're anxious their vaginas aren't normal
Evans also presented the Friends of Zion award to Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales last week for his country's decision to follow suit and move its embassy to Jerusalem.
Alyssa Farah, Pence' press secretary said, "The vice president is travelling to the Middle East to reaffirm our commitment to work with the United States' allies in the region to defeat radicalism that threatens future generations".
Vice President Pence said Monday that the new U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem will open before the end of 2019.
Despite Pence's announcement today, Tillerson had not officially signed off on that plan as of Sunday night, according to a senior State Department official.
"We truly consider the European Union as a true partner and friend, and therefore we call its member states to swiftly recognise the state of Palestine and we confirm that there is no contradiction between recognition and the resumption of negotiations", Abbas told reporters.
US Vice President Mike Pence speaks with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during a meeting at the Prime Minister's office in Jerusalem.
Netanyahu lauded the American-Israeli alliance, which he said has "never been stronger".
"The Iran nuclear deal is a disaster and the United States of America will no longer certify this ill-conceived agreement", he added.
Palestinians in the West Bank protested Pence's arrival by burning posters with his image on them.