The annual gathering is scheduled for January 23-26, with the theme Creating A Shared Future In A Fractured World.
Then-vice president Joe Biden attended previous year. 'At this year's World Economic Forum, the president looks forward to promoting his policies to strengthen American businesses, American industries and American workers'.
This year, Trump will discuss his "America First" agenda in person, said White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders.
Mr Trump would be the first sitting U.S. president to attend the summit in person since Bill Clinton in 2000.
Last year President Xi Jinping became the first Chinese leader to address the conference, arguing for the protection of free trade at a time when the Trump administration was pledging to erect more trade barriers.
Some of Mr. Trump's advisers were befuddled by his planned trip, coming a year after his team decided not to send a representative to the 2017 gathering.More news: Ngakoue says Incognito used 'weak racist slurs' during game
In a separate statement, Klaus Schwab, the founder of the forum, said Trump would offer a "direct perspective" on the U.S.'s priorities and that the president would be accompanied by key Cabinet ministers and USA lawmakers.
"The president's message is very much the same here as it will be there", Ms Sanders told reporters on Tuesday.
In his first year in office, Mr. Trump worked to reverse or rework America's relationship with trading partners, moves he argued would boost USA economic interests.
On the American side, President Clinton was the last to attend the Forum in 2000.
President George Bush - father and son - never came to the village in the Swiss mountains, and President Barack Obama also never appeared at the conference.