In addition, he says, it looks like this black hole formed in a cosmic environment that was only just starting to be affected by light from the first stars. That means this object dates back 13.1 billion years.
The astronomer who found the odd black hole said that there's no way of explaining how a black hole would be able to pick up such mass, and that it might challenge out current understandings of how black holes form.
Besides revealing a mystery about black hole formation, the new discovery sheds more light (so to speak) on when the first stars formed in the universe.
The newly identified quasar appears to inhabit a pivotal moment in the universe's history. A glance at the raw, unprocessed data confirmed it was a quasar - not a nearer object masquerading as one - and that it was perhaps the oldest ever found. The more distant a quasar is, the more time its light takes to reach the Earth.
Geballe said that makes it 200 times more massive than the black hole at the center of our galaxy, prompting the question: How did it get so big so fast?More news: Overwatch's Winter Wonderland event returns December 12
"This black hole grew far larger than we expected in only 690 million years after the Big Bang, which challenges our theories about how black holes form", said study co-author Daniel Stern of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It is the most distant black hole ever discovered. She was very interested in scientists, as it refers to the early period after origination of the Universe.
Researchers say they have detected a mysterious supermassive black hole that technically should not exist - and, while studying it, have discovered when the stars first lit up the sky.
Scientists says our current understanding suggests that for a black hole of this magnitude to exist at such an early stage in the universe is theoretically impossible, the website reports. The find of this supermassive black hole is puzzling astronomers because they can't figure out how this black hole was formed so early in the universe's history. Eventually, gravity condensed matter into the first stars and galaxies, which in turn produced light in the form of photons. "Gathering all this mass in fewer than 690 million years is an enormous challenge for theories of supermassive black hole growth". It's part of a long-term search for the earliest quasars, which will still proclaim.
As more stars formed, they generated enough radiation to flip hydrogen from its neutral state to an ionized state. That indicated to researchers that the stars were just beginning to glow, he said. Astronomers refer to this Doppler-like phenomenon as "redshift"; the more distant an object, the farther its light has shifted toward the red, or infrared end of the spectrum. The observation using one of the Magellan telescope (bottom left) allows us to reconstruct information about the so-called reionization epoch ("bubbles" top-half right) that followed the Big Bang (top right).