Last summer, facing similar calls to exclude Russia from the Rio Olympics, the IOC pushed the decision onto the global federations of individual sports, allowing them to choose which Russian athletes could compete. These invited athletes will participate, be it in individual or team competitions, under the name "Olympic Athlete from Russia (OAR)".
A delegation from Russia led by Russian Olympic Committee President Alexander Zhokov was on hand at IOC headquarters to receive the first word of the IOC decision.
The IOC sanctioned the country for running a state-sponsored doping system, one which undermined the 2014 Sochi Olympics.
Mutko, who was sports minister at the time of the 2014 Sochi Olympics, remains head of the 2018 World Cup organizing committee. MORE ON THE IOC'S DECISIONAs for athletes, those who considered "clean" will qualify.
Not welcome in Pyeongchang next year will be any sign of the Russian Olympic Committee or any member of its sports ministry, which was responsible for what investigators concluded was a top-to-bottom scheme of "manipulation and cheating" to ensure Russians could dope at the Olympics on their home turf and not get caught.More news: The Winklevoss Twins Just Became the First Ever Bitcoin Billionaires
The International Olympic Committee decided on Tuesday to ban Russia from the 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Games, but to allow some Russian competitors still to take part as neutrals. He had suggested banning Russia's Olympic Committee for two years, or until the nation's anti-doping operations are recertified by regulators. The IOC instead asked sports governing bodies to decide which athletes could compete.
"An Olympic boycott has never achieved anything", Bach said at a news conference Tuesday. Those decisions were reviewed by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, and a majority of the Russian Federation delegation ended up competing.
The invitation list will be determined, at its absolute discretion, by a panel chaired by Valerie Fourneyron, Chair of the ITA. There were no flawless options, but this decision will clearly make it less likely that this ever happens again. Although virtually Russia's entire track and field team was barred from the Rio Games, in the end, the country was able to field around 70 percent of its Olympic team.
Bach and his board have come to their decision after reading through the findings and recommendations of a 17-month investigation headed by the former president of Switzerland, Samuel Schmid. So far the figure stands at 25 athletes, with 11 medals stripped.