Overall, 85 percent of the estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV in the United States in 2014 knew they were infected.
In another, police revealed the HIV status of a person they were putting into emergency accommodation and that information was illegally relayed to other inhabitants, causing panic and forcing police to accommodation the person elsewhere. The CDC said that getting tested for HIV is the first crucial step for HIV-positive individuals to start therapy and keep the infection under control.
For each of the new cases diagnosed in 2015, researchers estimated a rough time of infection on the basis of a patient's level of disease progression. According to the CDC report, the time from infection to diagnosis was only 3 years in 2015, while previous estimates projected that time from infection to diagnosis was 3 years and 7 months in 2011.
White people tended to be diagnosed an average of two years after infection, compared with three years for blacks and Hispanics, and four years for Asian-Americans.
The median was three years for gay and bisexual males.
Some 20,000 people in Switzerland are HIV positive, said the AHS.More news: Yugoslavian war criminal 'takes poison' to end hearing at United Nations court
A little over 50 percent of those who do not know they are infected live in southern states, according to CDC. Among those 34 and younger, the median delay between infection and diagnosis was about 2.5 years. "Ideally, HIV is diagnosed within months of infection, rather than years later", said Eugene McCray, MD, director of CDC's Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.
In 2015, estimated timing from HIV infection to diagnosis varied by risk group and by ethnicity. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Vermont and South Dakota and Idaho had the lowest rates, between 5 percent and 10 percent.
In 2006 there were 200 new cases of syphilis, compared with 800 ten years later; for gonorrhoea the figures were 800 and 2,400 respectively.
In a telebriefing on the new report, CDC director Brenda Fitzgerald, MD, stated that "annual HIV infections are down, a higher proportion of people living with HIV have been diagnosed, and there are more people who have the virus under control". CDC.gov/24-7 http://www.cdc.gov/24-7/?s_cid=24-7_010 CDC on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/CDCCDC on Twitter https://twitter.com/CDCgovCDC YouTube Channel http://www.youtube.com/CDCstreamingHealth/CDC Instagram https://www.instagram.com/cdcgov/CDC Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/cdcgov CDC Vital Signs Learn about the latest public health data. The study also found that 70% of high-risk patients who did not receive the test visited a healthcare provider, which highlights an area that should be targeted for intervention, according to the release. However, continued efforts are needed to ensure that high-risk individuals are aware of their infection status. Among men who have sex with men, 71 percent told surveyors they had been tested in the past year, as did 58 percent of people who inject drugs.
'Further increasing regular HIV testing and closing testing, diagnoses and treatment gaps is essential to stopping HIV in our communities'.
Taking HIV medicine as prescribed allows people with the virus to live a virtually normal lifespan, generally without health complications.