Trump's outburst came a day after he grudgingly signed off on the sanctions, calling the legislation "significantly flawed" and adding that some of its provisions were unconstitutional. "This bill will prove the wisdom of that choice", he said.
Members of Congress, including some of Mr Trump's fellow Republicans, have recently been pursuing legislation seeking to increase Congress's influence on United States policy.
The lawyer explained the situation by attempts to damage the reputation of US President Donald Trump or to "continue further escalation of the conflict with Russian Federation".
Now the president's blaming Congress for relations with Russian Federation being at what he calls "an all-time" and "very unsafe low". "You can thank Congress, the same people that can't even give us HCare!"
"While I favor tough measures to punish and deter aggressive and destabilizing behavior by Iran, North Korea, and Russian Federation, this legislation is significantly flawed", Trump said in a message to lawmakers known as a signing statement. "You can thank Putin for attacking our democracy, invading neighbors & threatening our allies".
By signing it, he avoided the humiliating prospect of Congress overriding his veto.
According to a CNNreport, communications intercepted by USA intelligence agencies show Russians discussing coordination with Donald Trump associates in an effort to swing the election away from Hillary Clinton.
"I didn't vote for a bill to try to curtail President Trump or his power". Moscow denies any meddling and Trump denies any collusion by his campaign. But when The Washington Post later reported that the President had dictated the statement for his son, Ms. Sanders acknowledged that Mr. Trump had "weighed in" on his son's statement "as any father would based on the limited information that he had".More news: The Real Housewives of New York City
The measures also place curbs on some Russian weapons exporters and constrain Trump's ability to waive the penalties.
The development has come against the backdrop of an ongoing diplomatic standoff between the US and Russian Federation, and continuing investigations by both houses of the US Congress and the FBI into Russia's meddling in the 2016 US elections and the possible collusion of the Trump team with Moscow.
The Kremlin dismissed the sanctions on Thursday.
Reiterating Moscow's official stance, he said: "We, in general, believe that this policy of sanctions is short-sighted, unlawful and hopeless".
"Nobody should doubt that Russian Federation will protect and defend its interests", Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said at a conference call with reporters.
Before the new sanctions were even signed into law, Putin retaliated against the United States by seizing two US diplomatic properties and demanding that the United States slash its embassy staff stationed in Russian Federation by 755 employees. The legislation targets Russian defense, intelligence, mining, shipping and railway industries and restricts dealings with country's banks and energy companies.
Such an overwhelming majority in support of a bill which will also limit the freedom of action of the president is a rarity in U.S. constitutional history.