Also nominated as finalists: Joe Holley of the Houston Chronicle for editorials on gun laws, gun culture and gun tragedies; and Fred Hiatt of The Washington Post for editorials about the US presidential election.
Watch Pride announce this year's winners below.
The New York Times says it mistakenly published an announcement promoting a Facebook Live event with its Pulitzer Prize winners, hours before the winners were announced.
The Times staff won the prize for global reporting for its series of stories titled "Russia's Dark Arts" that proved particularly timely past year after USA intelligence agencies concluded that Putin's government had actively tried to influence the US presidential election in favor of Donald Trump through the hacking and release of internal Democratic Party e-mails.
The Pulitzers this year come as financial pressure drains many news organisations of the resources to pursue top-flight journalism, according to The Times.
A haunting portrait of a violent drug crackdown in the Philippines won a Pulitzer for freelance photographer Daniel Berehulak, whose searing New York Times photo essay was titled They Are Slaughtering Us Like Animals.
The Washington Post's David Fahrenthold won the Pulitzer for national reporting for his work on Trump's charitable donations.More news: Trump takes first step towards H-1B visa reform
The prize for explanatory reporting went to the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, McClatchy, and the Miami Herald, for the Panama Papers stories on offshore tax havens.
Following Mr Fahrenthold's reporting, the New York Attorney General opened an inquiry into the Trump Foundation fundraising practices, and ultimately issued a "notice of violation" ordering the foundation to stop raising money in New York.
In 2009, Chivers was part of team of reporters who won the Pulitzer in the worldwide reporting category for coverage of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
The East Bay Times in Oakland, California, has won the Pulitzer Prize for breaking news reporting for coverage of a warehouse fire that killed 36 people.
In another election-related prize, Peggy Noonan of the Wall Street Journal won the Pulitzer for commentary for columns that "connected readers to the shared virtues of Americans during one of the nation's most divisive political campaigns". The 19-member Pulitzer board is made up of past winners and other distinguished journalists and academics.
The Salt Lake Tribune received the local reporting prize for revealing how sexual assault victims were mistreated at Brigham Young University. Public service award winners receive a gold medal; the other awards carry a prize of 15,000 USA dollars each. The Sentinel has been a Pulitzer finalist seven other times, the most recent in 2013 in the local reporting category for its investigation into hazing rituals of the marching band at Florida A&M University.
- CNNMoney's Alex Koppelman contributed reporting.